High-performance and Resilient Seated Butterfly Valves for Commercial and Industrial Applications

High-performance and Resilient Seated Butterfly Valves

A butterfly valve has a disc that is in the fluid flow path. In the most common style of butterfly valve, the disc revolves around a central axis, the stem, via a 90-degree arc from parallel to the flow direction (open) to perpendicular to the flow direction (closed).  Butterfly valves have a straightforward design with few moving components, making them simple to repair and maintain. The valve has four main parts: the body, the stem, the disk, and the seat. 

The butterfly disk is always in the flow path, but its thin profile has little effect on flow. Butterfly valves are popular because they provide tight shut-off, are available in various materials and sizes, and may be easily automated using a variety of quarter-turn electric and pneumatic actuators. 

You'll find butterfly valves in a wide range of industrial applications, from managing the flow of water to handling far more hazardous industrial fluids. Many industries use butterfly valves, including water treatment, chemical processing, pulp, paper manufacturing, food processing, power generation, etc. 

There are two primary classifications of butterfly valves:

  1. High-performance butterfly valves (HPBV)
  2. Resilient seated butterfly valves


High-performance butterfly valves include carbon or stainless steel bodies with Teflon seats and can withstand more significant pressures and temperatures.  Resilient seated valves usually feature ductile iron or aluminum bodies and operate at lower pressures and temperatures.

Butterfly valve bodies are available in two mounting styles: lug and wafer. Lug bodies include cast-in lugs with bolt hole designs that match pipe flanges. A wafer body valve does not have a mounting hole pattern, and mounting is facilitated by sandwiching the valve between two pipe flanges, with mounting bolts around the valve body. Wafer-style bodies are less costly. An advantage to lug body valves is their use as a dead-end valve, whereas wafer valves are unsuitable for this service.

The stem is a one or two-piece shaft that keeps the disk in place and provides the rotational torque that allows the disk to open and shut. The stem of resilient seated valves has protection from the process media by packing rings, allowing for a more cost-effective solution to regulate the valve's application to various potentially corrosive media. High-performance butterfly valve stems come into touch with process media and must be media suitable. 

The disk is the valve component that comes into direct contact with the process medium and regulates flow. Disks are available in various materials and optionally come with corrosion-resistant polymer coatings. Some butterfly valves include contoured disks that are carefully aligned with the stem to increase flow control, modify torque needs, or give the valve a longer life. 

A resilient seated valve closes via an "interference fit," which means the disk forces itself into the seat. The seat is the soft substance (polymer elastomer) including Buna-N and Nitrile, and should be specified depending on the process medium involved.

High-performance butterfly valves use an interference fit as well, but with significantly tighter tolerances, but also ensure tight seating with assistance from upstream pressure. PTFE or RTFE are the most often used materials for HPBV seats. Metal seats on HPBVs accommodate more significant pressure and temperature applications. 

Like other valves, butterfly valves have applications in which they outperform. To apply the optimum solution to your flow control applications, combine your process knowledge with your product knowledge with the application skills of a proven valve engineering professional. Contact Piping Specialties, Inc. for more information about industrial valves. Visit https://psi-team.com or call 800-223-1468.

Industrial Thermowell Process Connection Types

This video covers the common types of thermowell process connections. The styles are referred to by what their process connection is.

The types are threaded thermowell, a flanged thermowell, a welded or weld-in thermowell, and a sanitary thermowell.

Threaded thermowells are commonly used when thermowell removal occurs infrequently. These wells are typically threaded into a welded fitting widely referred to as a weldolet on the pipe or vessel. Typical installations include smaller pipes or vessels where corrosion is not an issue.

Flanged thermowells are the preferred well for applications that require frequent removal or replacement due to corrosion or other hazards. Flanged wells will bolt to a mating flange installed on the process piping. Typical installations include large pipes with high pressure and high corrosion.

Weld-in thermowells are welded directly to the pipe or tank and provide a high-quality connection. Because being welded in, their removal is not easy, and they should only be installed when quick access is not required, and corrosion is not an issue. Typical installations include very high temperature and high-pressure applications, for example, a steam line or other non-corrosive applications.

Sanitary thermowells are generally fitted with a Tri-clamp or other clean-in-place connection. These thermowells also have a smooth surface which allows for easy cleaning and prevents contamination of the process: typical installations include dairy, food processing, and pharmaceutical industries.

Piping Specialties / PSI Controls